In the period of globalization processes, time presents the young generation with a difficult choice, when moral and spiritual values are eroded by mass culture, and ethical principles no longer serve as guidelines in the education and spiritual education of young people.
On this topic, the Kazakhstan National Federation of UNESCO Clubs (KazFUCA) in September this year in Almaty initiated the International Colloquium “Moral Education of Youth and the challenges of the time” under the slogan “The future begins today”. The Kazakhstan National Federation of UNESCO Clubs (KazFUCA) has valuable experience in the field of education and training of the younger generation. The colloquium was attended by well-known experts and experts of UNESCO on ethics. It was a joint dialogue of philosophers, educators, active representatives of civil society and business circles from the countries of the West and the East-France, Korea, Japan, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Russia and the countries of Central Asia, who are aware of their social responsibility. They discussed the current state of the youth issue and Kazakhstan’s experience of educating the young generation in a multinational and multicultural developing society. Strengthening national culture and overcoming the negative consequences of globalization are among the most important and urgent goals of the national cultural policy of the countries of the world. Each culture is formed on the basis of its heritage and is reproduced in the process of living creativity. Responding to global challenges, it is necessary to ensure the harmonious and peaceful coexistence of individuals and ethnic groups with different cultural traditions. Policies are needed that take into account cultural diversity, but not bringing it to extreme poverty and affirms the principle of UNESCO “learning to live together”, which does not require people to sacrifice personal sense of belonging to a certain culture. At the conference, it was said that Kazakhstan is at the crossroads of two civilizations, where the cultures of more than 100 nations are intertwined, and where society is constantly developing. “Kazakhstan’s independence has created a new context for addressing issues of ethical and moral education of young people. The country is growing an active and purposeful young generation that speaks several languages and has mastered modern information technologies. It is necessary to support this generation, to instill the concept of universal human values. Only then will grow up to be a truly competent, moral, interested in the prosperity of the society’s citizens. Brought up in the spirit of tolerance, trust and mutual understanding, such citizens will always respect the culture of other ethnic groups and countries and truly love their own,” Bolat Akchulakov, President of the Kazakhstan National Federation of UNESCO Clubs, said in his welcoming speech. Bolat Akchulakov said that their club movement includes a large group of institutions of art education and creative training. Cooperation with UNESCO allows us to discuss and implement the successful pedagogical and educational experience available in other member countries of this authoritative international organization, and on the basis of this, the federation gradually, step by step, fulfills the tasks set for the education of moral and cultural youth. – Through art and creativity, we convey to young people the beauty and depth of human nature. We show how much more interesting and richer a multicultural world can be, where people of different nationalities and religious denominations live and thrive. We will do our best to contribute to the education of a strong, decent, moral and culturally rich generation. I would like to assure all the participants here that we are confident in expanding our cooperation and understanding on the part of all our partners. Our clubs are interesting for young people, as they provide an opportunity for creative realization and open the way to the world of art. We are engaged in the preservation of the cultural heritage of our country, which does not leave indifferent all the creative intelligentsia of Kazakhstan, and all this goes in conjunction with time. According to the deputy mayor of Moscow, According to Mr. Serik Seidumanov, UNESCO has traditionally been and remains one of the most famous and popular international organizations of the UN system in Central Asia. Many projects implemented by the UNESCO Federation of Clubs were organized with the participation of the UNESCO Cluster Office in Almaty for Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Kazakhstan’s UNESCO clubs have been developed with the constant support of the Chairman of the National Commission for UNESCO and ISESCO Imangali Tasmagambetov. The head of the UNESCO Cluster Office in Almaty, Sergey Lazarev, read out an official greeting to the conference participants on behalf of Tasmagambetov. – For the Kazakhstan National Federation of UNESCO Clubs, the last two years have been full of new projects, programs and events. The most significant of which was the inclusion of our Federation in the Asia-Pacific Federation in Nara (Japan) and the inclusion in the World Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations in Hanoi (Vietnam). The work of many people contributed to the adoption of this decision, which made it possible to present information about Kazakhstan to the world community through UNESCO clubs in our country. During the conference, the following issues were considered:: 1) what values should be taken into account in the development of a strategy for the development of public policy; 2) what should be the state institutions that train young people, and how to respond to issues that are associated with serious ethical problems, such as poverty, social exclusion, inequality, discrimination against minorities; 3) how in the modern world ethics and morality can be included in educational programs. The recommendations of the colloquium were also developed. National: 1) develop school programs and educational activities in such a way that they contribute to the proper development of moral behavior of children; 2) hold “round tables” on intercultural dialogue, in order to preserve traditional values, moral education and strengthen the general recognition of universal and traditional values; 3) promotion and promotion of social projects aimed at supporting the disabled and poorly protected segments of the population. Regional: 1) include in the agenda for further consideration of AFUCA the protection of traditional values and moral education; 2) to incorporate moral education and ethical education in the topics of round tables, seminars and conferences held in the framework of AFUCA. According to the results of the colloquium, Kazakhstan’s model for the introduction of moral education of young people in all stages of the educational process was highly appreciated by international participants. The Kazakhstan National Federation of UNESCO Clubs demonstrated the development of moral and ethical education of young people through the prism of creative learning. All recommendations of the International Colloquium will be used by the national federations of UNESCO clubs in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as sent to the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris for further study and subsequent implementation.